12वां अखिल भारतीय सम्मेलन, जोधपुर (राजस्थान)
दिनांक 25-27 दिसंबर 2015
Resolution – 2
National Development can be achieved through Made by Bharat Only
Swadeshi Jagran Manch expresses its profound concern over the transformation of the country into a market for imported goods through liberalisation of imports under the economic reforms being adopted by the country in last 24 years. Furthermore over-emphasized promotion of foreign direct investment (FDI) has led the ownership and control of 2/3rd of the organised manufacturing sector being overtaken by foreign multinational corporations. Steep rise in import has lead to a vicious cycle of over dependence on foreign inflows for bridging the consistent and high current account deficit forcing government to encourage FDI & FII in share markets even at the cost of national interest.
As a result of allowing 100% FDI through automatic route ownership of more than 2/3rd of the industrial production structure is now dominated by the transnational corporations in most of the industrial sectors such as cold drinks, toothpaste, shoe-polish, television, refrigerator, motor vehicles, cement, telecom, energy production etc. The question arises that who is going to control the means of production in this country? Will it be Indian companies or the transnational corporations? For example in the case of cement almost 100% ownership and control of manufacturing of cement was with Indian in 1999, when six European cement majors took over manufacturing of cement in south-east Asia and these European companies started dumping cheap cement from South Korea. Consequently, Tata begun to face problems and they sold the cement plant TISCO to LAFARGE of France. Then ACC and the Gujarat Ambuja cement were sold to a Swiss company Holcim. Hence almost 2/3rd of our cement manufacturing has gone into foreign hands. Even in the field of solar energy production by Indian firms is coming down and units are closing down due to FDI and import liberalisation. The Indian textile industry is losing its share in world market to even Bangladesh because of faulty policies.
India was self sufficient in the field of information technology and was well at par with those of the Motorola and Siemens before economic reforms were initiated. But today due to import liberalisation and ignoring the home-grown capacities against foreign technologies, India is fully dependent on the foreign technologies in 2G, 3G and 4G technology. Today just because of liberalisation of import and undue promotion of foreign direct investment, Bharat has a mere 2.05% share in world manufacturing whereas China has a 23% share and has pushed the United States to second position with 17.2% share in world manufacturing. In various industries such as ship-building our share in the world production is 0.01%, which is very dismal. It was a minimum of 1.4% in 2009. Needless to say Bharat is the 3rd largest steel producer of the world and has a long coast line of 6100 km.
On the other hand by providing an enabling environment with the proper policy support we were able to acquire 10% share in the world pharma manufacturing and came to be known to be as the pharmacy of the world and the only source of providing cheap medicines to the needy people of the world. Now under the pressure of Euro-American countries we are creating hurdles for native companies in the name of Intellectual property rights (IPRs).
Similarly several legal obstacles are being created for small and medium scale enterprises that it is becoming increasingly difficult for them to their job. In the next 5 years investment in the wind and solar energy is expected to be 10 lakh crores. Hence, from common consumer goods to infrastructure we need to promote domestically owned enterprises & brands under Made-By-Bharat campaign. Therefore Swadeshi Jagran Manch urges that, all industries, from solar energy and Information technology to the textile sector, should work together and form consortiums and should endeavour to roll out more “Made by Bharat” products and brands. Today, there are 400 major industry clusters and 7000 minor clusters in the country and there is a need to convert industry clusters into industry consortiums and to plan technology development cooperative societies along with technology development agreements for enhancing domestic participation & made by Bharat campaign.
The industrial clusters and industries such as IT, solar energy, textiles, electronics and semi-conductor etc. can beat foreign competition only by joining hands to promote made by Bharat products and brands with the help of made by Bharat forum and industry consortiums along with facilitating technology development co-operative associations and agreements. Swadeshi Jagran manch appeals government to adopt made by Bharat pathway instead of Make in India supported by import liberalisation and FDI promotion.