National Council Meeting Ahmedabad - Resolution-1 (E)

National Council Meeting, Ahmedabad, Gujarat (May 5-6, 2018)

Need to change Development Policy

Present and previous governments have been claiming that there has been significant increase in GDP in the last 27 years after new economic policy was adopted. Policy makers suggest that GDP growth can only bring new technology, employment growth and improvement living standard takes place. However their claims are proving wrong. Increase in production is happening, however, this is mainly an increase in production of luxuries. Renowned economist Thomes Picketi’s research shows that 66 per cent benefits of GDP growth in India are concentrated in the hands of top 10 per cent of population and 29 benefits are concentrated in top one percent only. Employment has been a major victim in the process. According to OECD, 31 per cent of our youth between 15 years and 29 years of age is neither in education or training and nor in employment. That is, they are unemployed. Obsession for GDP growth among our policy makers is affecting their senstivity towards environment and decline of cultural values in the society. Today existence of humanity is endangered to environmental degradation.

In the recent past, due to various efforts of the government which include skill development start-ups, MUDRA scheme etc., attempts are being made to increase employment in the country, however unemployment continues to haunt the country even today. Model of Development in the era of globalisation in reduced to a jobless growth model.

Increasing imports and resulting huge trade deficits are causing export of jobs to other countries, especially China. Foreign exchange deficit is being filled by foreign investment, as a result of which foreigners started dominating Indian economy. Number of employment opportunities killed due to foreign investment are much more than jobs being created by it. In addition to this, many employment opportunities are vanishing due to artificial intelligence and blind automation.

National Council of Swadeshi Jagran Manch firmly believes that if this policy continues, employment creation cannot happen. There is need to have a development policy, in which employment generation and decentralisation is implicit in GDP growth. Wherever small industries can work, large industries should be barred to enter. That is, reservation for small scale industries need to be reintroduced and make policy intervention to develop SSIs. Job creation in industries and businesses should be helped by government support, so that unnecessary automation is discouraged. Skill development programme needs to be revived and skill development be encouraged according to the needs of industry. In this context Swadeshi Jagran Manch welcomes the decision of the government to contribute Employees Provident Fund of new workers.

There is no dearth of experts, who are obsessed with the western idea that there is no possibility of increasing employment opportunities in rural areas and therefore people need to be flushed out of villages and agriculture. Policy makers believing these experts, do not make expected efforts to improve the conditions of the farm and the farmers. Result is growing indebtedness among farmers. Many of them have committed suicide and this is never ending. Every time debt waiver is considered as a solution to the farmers woes. Declining job opportunities in agriculture causes increasing expenditure on MNREGA.

National Council of SJM demands that state governments and central government works for creating employment opportunities in agriculture and rural areas. There are ample possibilities of employment opportunities in pulses, oil seeds, vegetables, horticulture, floriculture. They need to be encouraged. Food processing dairy, poultry, fishing etc. where employment opportunities can be created, should be promoted.

SJM's National Council welcomes government decision to take bamboo out of forest produce, provision of Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) to people engaged in fishing and dairy (even if they are landless). We also demand that dairy, fishing, mushroom production, poultry etc. be included in agriculture, so that concessional loans are provided to them to increase employment. We also urge that all problems coming in the way of employment generation.